HOW DO I PROTECT MY CAT FROM CORONAVIRUS?

HOW DO I PROTECT MY CAT FROM CORONAVIRUS?

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Like many citizens, I wonder about the coronavirus and its propagation by pets. Small FAQ on this virus which covers our current events and its dangerousness for our cats.

1- WHY THE WORD "CORONA" IN CORONAVIRUS?

Coronaviruses are named after the crown-shaped peaks on their surface. There are four main subgroups of coronaviruses, known as alpha, beta, gamma and delta.

Human coronaviruses were first identified in the mid-1960s. The seven coronaviruses that can infect humans are as follows:

A- COMMON HUMAN CORONAVIRUS

  • 229E (alpha coronavirus)
  • NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
  • OC43 (coronavirus beta)
  • HKU1 (beta-coronavirus)

B- OTHER HUMAN CORONAVIRUS

  • MERS-CoV (the beta coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS)
  • SARS-CoV (the beta coronavirus that causes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, or SARS)
  • SARS-CoV-2 (the new coronavirus that causes coronavirus 2019 disease, or Covid-19 coronavirus)

People around the world are commonly infected with human coronavirus 229E, NL63, OC43 and HKU1.

Sometimes coronaviruses that infect animals can evolve and make people sick and become a new human coronavirus. Three recent examples are 2019-nCoV, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV.

The first investigations involved the contamination of humans through the ingestion of a meal cooked with bats. But still the nature of the human receptors and the bat induce that the passage of this flying animal to humans is to be taken with the tweezers.

coronavirus and cat

2- CAN MY CAT CATCH THE CHINESE CORONAVIRUS COVID-19?

According to the news, a dog in Hong Kong would be carrying the virus in question. Its nasal and oral cavities would contain a small amount of the virus. He lives with a woman who is herself infected with the virus, but has no symptoms of the disease. The reports therefore suggest a passive but not dangerous contamination for the dog.

In order for our cats to get sick, their cells must be able to "catch" the virus as we humans do, via receptors in our body cells. However, animal cells are not identical to those of humans, which proves that animals are unlikely to be contaminated and fall ill.

3- CAN MY CAT TRANSMIT COVID-19 TO ME? AND VICE VERSA?

The Anses (National Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health Safety) wants to reassure us by mentioning that there is "no evidence" of contamination by our mines.

The reason would be that in order to jump from one species to another, it would have to be present in sufficiently high quantities to be expelled from the animal organism to us. For the moment, reports and tests done on cats and dogs have given no tangible proof of this transmission.

It is sad, however, that psychosis has led some cat owners to abandon or worse, kill them.

4- IS THERE A FELINE CORONAVIRUS?

Now that we have partially removed the doubt about the spread of covid-19 by our pets, we can ask ourselves if there is another form of this disease in our tomcats.

Unfortunately, there is a cat coronavirus. Two possible types, to be more precise: FeCV (Feline Enteric Coronavirus) and FIPV (Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus).

If you have several cats, you can protect them by making sure they go to their respective litter box because it is the contact with the stools that transmits the coronavirus of the cat. The virus, which develops in the cat's stomach, is expelled in the stool. Even if the cat has no symptoms and is in poor health, it is likely that it can transmit the virus.

5- IS THE CAT'S CORONAVIRUS DANGEROUS? HOW TO PROTECT IT?

FeCV is common and is not dangerous in itself and your cat may be prone to diarrhea or vomiting, weight loss. Your cat may even have no digestive problems. Give your cat lots of love and be careful with hydration.

However, the mutated version of FeCV may be responsible for FIVP, feline infectious peritonitis. This form of cat coronavirus is not yet fully explained and the causes of its occurrence are not yet known.

Unpredictable, it is also devastating and causes the death of your cat quickly. It comes in two subforms:

A- THE NIF IN WET FORM :

Its evolution is very fast and impressive. The abdomen or thorax fills with abnormal fluid and causes respiratory problems, intestinal disorders, and eventually death.

B- THE NIF IN DRY FORM :

Its evolution is slow and affects organs such as the eyes, liver, kidneys and nervous system. In addition to the above symptoms, there are also motor disorders, tremors or convulsions, eye bleeding, etc.

At the moment there is no real solution for this variant of the cat coronavirus, but it occurs very rarely. Use your judgment to prevent the risk of contracting the disease, especially in cats that can go outside the house.

6- IN CONCLUSION

We know today that the coronavirus exists in humans but also in cats under different variants. There is no evidence that humans are able to effectively transmit the Chinese Coronavirus to cats, nor is there any evidence that domestic animals play a role in the spread of the sars cov-2 virus.

While waiting for a vaccine, our priority for the moment is to prevent the rapid spread of the virus among us, in order to ensure the optimal capacity of health services that must first care for those most at risk (elderly and/or people with low immunity).

Thank you for reading our article on the cat coronavirus. We hope to have shared important information that can help you and reassure you about the health of our favorite companions.

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