The british shorthair cat, the ideal companion for you?
of reading - words
Is this the breed of cat that suits you? Today we will reveal more about the characteristics of this magnificent feline. Its soft character makes it a sociable feline and its fluffy fur attracts cuddles and caresses. Its beautiful golden eyes and its natural "smile" make us crack.
But this is only the tip of the iceberg: throughout this post, you will learn more about :
- the origins of the British Shorthair
- the physical characteristics that make it so special
- the family and the environment that suits him or her
- the modalities of adoption in breeding
Without further ado, let's start reading this new article on cat breeds
1- ORIGINS OF THE BRITISH SHORTHAIR CAT
As its name suggests, the British Shorthair Cat is originally from England. It seems that it was the Roman invaders who brought with them cats from Egypt to protect their victuals, and that these cats mated with the local breeds. Over time, a line of cats with muscular bodies and thick, dense fur developed that adapted to the demanding and harsh climate of England.
The breed with its genetic standards did not exist as such until the XiXth century, when the artist Harrison Weir, a great fan of felines, gathered beautiful specimens of alley cats, especially those with grey-blue coats. It is thus in London, during the first feline exhibition in the world in July 1871, that he introduces the denomination "British Shorthair", thus differentiating it from European and foreign cats.
The breeding of this cat breed conquers the amateurs of domestic cats but suffers however strong setbacks during the two world wars where the breed seems to be extinct. It is thus revived with crossbreeding with various breeds (ex: Russian blue) and then with Persian cats. This gave on the one hand short haired cats but also long haired cats, the future breed of British Longhair. As a reminder, the Persian is the result of crossbreeding between the British and the Turkish Angora cat. It is therefore logical to want to recover some genes from this breed and reintroduce them to the British.
In France, the breed is recognized by the LOOF and the TICA (The International Cat Association) in 1979 and the long-haired British breed in 2000.
2- COMMENT RECONNAÎTRE UN BRITISH SHORTHAIR ?
A- THE BRITISH SHORTHAIR KITTEN
Already small, kittens already have everything big: big eyes, stocky bodies, and a silky but not yet so dense coat. Without forgetting the "smile" that forms its muzzle, the famous particularity of the breed.
In general, all breeds of cats are born with blue eyes, due to a lack of pigment during the first weeks of their life. The eyes of the British are then colored very quickly to reach the amber-gold color.
It is easy to confuse British Shorthair Kittens with Chartreux Kittens: same blue-grey hair color, same muzzle color, similar morphology. To differentiate them, look at the length of the muzzle which must be shorter in the BSH, the head must be more rounded too, the ears are smaller and more on the sides of the head.
B- THE ADULT BRITISH SHORTHAIR CAT
The adult cat fully develops its morphology and Matou's airs and is easily distinguished by a medium sized body, all muscles and roundness. Also, the head is rounded with large round eyes, topped with small triangular ears. The tail is short and bushy. The robust bone structure jumps quickly to the eye, with powerful, broad limbs and a heavy silhouette.
Its legs are round, short in relation to the body, reinforcing the trappuous image.
The semi-long, silky and dense coat of the adult cat is very pleasant to the touch. The LOOF recognizes besides all the colors of Coat: blue, gray, cream, red, as well as all the divisions: solid, tabby, smoke. The undercoat is thick.
The pads are of dark color, plum and remain it all its life.
|Sex||Maturity Sexual||Age Adult||Weight||Life Expectancy|
|Male||7 months||3 years old||4 Kg||14 to 18 years old|
|Femelle||6 months||3 years old||3.5 Kg||14 to18 years old|
3- ADOPTING A BRITISH SHORTHAIR
A- CONTACT PROFESSIONAL BREEDERS
Know that it is easy for anyone to pretend that a young grey cat is a British. However, remember that a purebred cat must be registered with the LOOF, otherwise it remains an "appearance" British alley cat. This greatly influences the price of the British Shorthair, which varies according to the following table :
|400 - 500€||900 - 1300 €|
|400 - 600€||800 - 1300 €|
Prefer cattery breeding, where breeding cats are selected to share the best genes for your kitten. In addition, the follow-up of the vaccines and the socialization work is much better.
The advantage of a registered cat with a pedigree is that you will get accurate information on its health status and family tree. Not to mention the investment in well being that the breeder knows how to demonstrate, who expect from you an equal return of information (photo of cat, messages...) on the good reception in the new family.
B- MALE OR FEMALE BRITISH SHORTHAIR
Your veterinarian will confirm that after castration, there is no real difference between male and female characters. The Male will be less likely to urinate to mark his territory and the female cat will meow less at night untimely. It is also commonly accepted that your pet will be more affectionate, calmer. This makes life easier at home.
C- CAT'S TEMPERAMENT
The English Cat is an adorable and very sociable domestic cat. He appreciates the company of others and the presence of children, who will know how to play with him under your supervision. He has a patient temperament that makes him easy to handle, and allows himself to be approached by strangers in the home, but be careful not to rush him.
He will become a real pot of glue with his master to whom he will be very attached and will follow him everywhere. He knows how to show affectionate demonstrations such as long purring and licks. Know that you must give him a lot of affection: he loves to stay close to you and is interested in everything his master does. On the other hand, he will be more independent towards other family members.
In spite of its attachment, it is a cat that prefers to stay close to you and not on you. Do not force him on your lap or chest.
He is also a good companion for dogs and can adapt to the canine temperament.
He will not get bored with other feline breeds such as the Oriental or a playful cat such as the Sacred Cat of Burma. If you have another European cat, be aware that this one is quite territorial and will be suspicious of your British.
Here are other breeds of cats that are very demanding in affection: the Maine Coon (French favorite dog cat), the Siamese cat (very talkative and vocal), the Abyssinian (also very vocal), the Egyptian Mau, the Sphynx (needing attention and warmth), the Chartreux cat (very demanding).
Other breeds of calm cats: the Scottish Fold, originally from Scotland. Smaller size and equally affectionate
D- LIVING IN AN APARTMENT
This is the most interesting part. What kind of layout awaits my British Cat? First of all, your pets need a space of their own. Know how to offer them a cozy nest in a cat house or a cat kennel where they can find themselves in a quiet place. You can turn to a cat tree that offers play areas in addition to rest.
Be careful because the British Shorthair Kitten is particularly active. Because of its rapidly developing muscles, its athletic physique requires special attention and regular play sessions. Very intelligent, his hunting instinct makes him a fearsome and very fast player, who will surprise you with the speed of his paws.
He expresses his requests with discreet but frequent meows and expects a quick response from you in terms of play and interaction.
Speaking of distractions, he'll be asking for them, unless you don't care about the curtains and furniture he likes to venture out on.
A good climber but less of a runner, it is a very good house cat who appreciates access to the garden where it will be able to express itself fully. If you don't want him to venture outside, be careful with your windows.
If you prefer a more home-like cat with a British character, turn to the American Bobtail cat.
E- BRITISH SHORTHAIR NUTRITION
Emphasis will be placed on a high protein intake according to the age and weight of your muscular cat. Do not hesitate to set up a regular follow-up with your veterinarian. The kibbles must be carefully chosen (by: royal canin) to meet his needs for muscle growth.
4- CARE OF THE BRITISH SHORTHAIR
Outside of the moulting periods, there is no real need for daily brushing. Once a week is sufficient. Brush well, taking care to remove dead hair. The rest of the grooming is taken care of by the Cat itself.
Also, clean your cat's eyes regularly as they tend to run.
The claws do not need to be trimmed at their extremities, as long as you offer him scratching posts where he can relieve himself as he pleases.
If you like long hairs, turn to Norwegian: calm, very affectionate, robustly healthy and at a slightly lower price. It is an impressive companion by its fur which will make you think of a wild bear.
5- HEALTH PROBLEMS IN THE BRITISH SHORTHAIR
Known diseases are generally genetic:
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) affects your pet's kidneys. This disease causes the Kidney to fill up with cysts and leads to kidney failure. The gene responsible for PKD is present in Persian and Exotic Shorthair cats. Your veterinarian can easily screen for PKD
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is characterized by a rigidity of the inner wall of the heart that hinders the functioning of the ventricles. The disease can lead to death.
Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP): an infectious disease caused by a Coronavirus. There is currently no vaccine against it. The upstream work of prevention is essential.